Privacy and safety of computer is the most important topic of concern for all. With the increase in cyber crimes like hacking of information, misuse of photos, phishing scams, etc. many people have become somewhat reluctant towards use of technology.
It is also true that the Internet has made our lives simple and convenient as it offer online shopping, payment of bills, catching up with social circle, do banking transactions and much more without stepping out of the house.
However, this can also lead to loss of personal information. Any website that users visit saves some information with it. This information may be misused, thereafter. Therefore to keep one protected against any data loss or any kind of online dangers, software’s for the privacy of your computer have been prepared by experts.
Internet privacy means protecting ones personal and other important information from getting leaked or misused when browsing the web. There should be some regulation to ensure that personal and other information revealed by an individual while using the Internet is not misused. Internet privacy is a part of computer privacy.
According to many experts in the field there is nothing called privacy. Hence the onus lies on the Internet users to protect them by restricting the amount of personal information they disclose on the Internet.
Social networking websites like Facebook and MySpace, etc. also pose a great risk to Internet privacy. The users must ensure that they specify the settings to prevent their information being accessed by unauthorized people.
Also, it is important that Internet users know the laws on the personal privacy in their state as many places have certain laws around the same to protect computer privacy.
Cookies as an option are available to the user
This file stores number of information of an individual. This file traces and keeps a record of all the websites visited. Deletion of cookies is a good practice especially when using public computer for browsing otherwise it can result in loss of some important personal information.
Many programs and operating systems are set up to perform data logging is a practice of recording number of times when the computer is used, sites browsed, etc. If someone or any third party has adequate access to ones PC, one can extract important information thus compromising user’s privacy. One can avoid this by disabling logging from the Control Panel in PC. One must also clear logs on a regular basis.
Spyware or spying software are also a threat to one computer privacy as they extract user’s information like credit card details and personal information that is most likely to be used for some fraudulent activities. Spyware usually enters the computer automatically while one is connected to the Internet and is browsing some free websites or the website which allow free sharing. HTML enabled e-mails can also sometimes detect these bugs. Spyware also leads to erratic behavior of the operating system.
The best alternative to avoid this kind of attack on the system is to use firewalls. This Firewall software will protect the system and will alert the user about any possible threat. There are many good firewalls available in the market.
But some of the spywares like Trojan horses refuse to accept the uninstallation. Even on uninstalling the spywares they keep on alarming the computer which is also known as phoning home. These kinds of attacks by virus are very rigid and consume lot of time as the user is forced to delete each spyware individually.
Emails are an important means of communication and are prone to virus and hacking attacks. Email privacy also needs to be maintained to ensure that no important information is accessed by unauthorized users. To ensure email privacy, one can use various email protection tools like anti-phishing software, anti-virus, email spam protection and many others.